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Commonly used noun suffixes

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东南西北人 发表于 2021-7-25 16:36:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Many words in English are formed from the same root or base word. By adding different suffixes, a range of new words can be formed.
A suffix is a letter or a group of letters that are added to the end of a word to make a new word. Generally, suffixes have a particular meaning. When a suffix is added to a base word and that base word becomes a noun, it is called a noun suffix.
Here are some rules:
  • Adding a suffix usually changes the class of the word (i.e. verb to noun).
For example:
Root/Base word: Entertain (verb)
Suffix: -ment
New word: Entertainment (noun)
  • Adding a suffix can mean the class of the word remains the same but the meaning of the new word changes.
For example:
Root/Base word: quest (noun)
Suffix: -ion
New word: question (noun)
  • Adding a suffix can cause a spelling change.
For example:
Root/Base word: supervise
Suffix: -or
New word: supervisor
Here are some commonly used noun suffixes and what they mean:
[td]
Suffixes forming nouns MeaningExamples
-ant/-entsomeone who does something or something that has a particular functionstudent, president, resident, assistant, defendant, accountant, deodorant
-eesomeone who does somethingaddressee, interviewee, referee, trainee, employee, refugee, trustee, lessee, retiree
-er, -orsomeone who does something, something that does a particular jobwriter, teacher, worker, dancer, buyer, actor, supervisor
-ismbelief, behaviour, theory or act ofjournalism, criticism, vegetarianism, humanism
-istperson connected with, person with a belief injournalist, feminist, violinist, pianist
-mentforming abstract nounsgovernment, enjoyment, management, improvement, development
-nessquality or statehappiness, kindness, forgiveness, goodness
-sion, -tionquality or statediscussion, excursion, population, information, communication, question
-shipquality or statefriendship, citizenship, leadership, membership
-ityquality or stateability, security, similarity, curiousity



鲜花(87) 鸡蛋(0)
zspkd 发表于 2021-7-27 15:41:44 | 显示全部楼层
鲜花(27) 鸡蛋(0)
abuhan 发表于 2021-7-27 22:15:13 | 显示全部楼层
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djun 发表于 2021-7-31 07:48:10 | 显示全部楼层
很不错,很好。
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