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Abbreviations Used in Engineering and Construction

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东南西北人 发表于 2017-12-21 22:25:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Abbreviations Used in Engineering and Construction

A list of common abbreviations found on drawings or in general use in structural engineering, architecture and construction.

As a rule it is poor practice to use specialist abbreviations on technical drawings. The space and time saved are rarely significant, and the possibility of the drawing being misunderstood is even more serious in these times when many of those working on UK building sites learnt their trades in other countries.

Punctuation used to indicate abbreviations (for example a full stop at the end or a slash between two letters) are generally omitted in this list.

Where an abbreviation is mainly found on a particular kind of drawing the type of drawing is indicated in brackets.

A:
ABair brick
ABRalternate bars reversed (reinforcement)
ACalternating current or air conditioning
ACoPapproved code of practice
AIStructEAssociate of the Institution of Structural Engineers
ALTalternate, alternately (reinforcement)
AMIStructEAssociate Member of the Institution of Structural Engineers
AMICEAssociate Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers
B:
BBABritish Board of Agrément
BCABritish Cement Association
BCObuilding control officer
BCSABritish Constructional Steelwork Association
BCWSboosted cold water service (services)
BHbore hole or beam height (survey)
BHWSboosted hot water service (services)
BIGback inlet gully
BLKblockwork
BMbending moment or bench mark
BOQbill of quantities
BRWbrick retaining wall (survey)
BSBritish Standard
BSIBritish Standards Institution
BWbrick wall (survey) or builders' work (services)
BWFbarbed wire fence (survey)
BWICbuilders' work in connection with (services)
BWKbrickwork
C:
Ccill height (survey)
CAcontract administrator
CADcomputer aided design
CAMcomputer aided manufacture
CBFclose boarded fence (survey)
CBWconcrete block wall (survey)
CCcentre to centre
CDMConstruction (Design and Management) Regulations
CEconformité européene
CEngchartered engineer
CGIcorrugated galvanized iron
CHceiling height
CHScircular hollow section
CIcast iron
CIFcorrugated iron fence (survey)
CJconstruction joint
CLcover level or centre line
CLFchain link fence (survey)
CPcode of practice
CPFconcrete panel fence (survey)
CPSconcrete paving slabs (survey)
CRcrown height of arch (survey)
CRScentres
CRWconcrete retaining wall (survey)
CSConcrete Society
CVcommissioning valve (services)
CWconcrete wall (survey)
CWScold water service (services)
CWThundredweight
D:
Ddiameter
DCdrain cock (services)
DCVdouble check valve (services)
DHWdomestic hot water
DLdead load
DOVdrain off valve (services)
DPdown pipe
DPCdamp-proof course
DPDTdouble pole double throw switch (electrical)
DPMdamp-proof membrane
DPSTdouble pole single throw switch (electrical)
DRGdrawing
DSDistrict Surveyor
DSSOdouble switched socket outlet (electrical)
E:
ECBelectricity control box
ECUKEngineering Council United Kingdom
ELexisting level
EngTechengineering technician
EPPexpanded polypropylene or environmentally preferred product
ERVexpansion relief valve (services)
F:
FBflower bed (survey) or from below (services)
FBTAfrom below to above (services)
FCflexible connection (services)
FFfar face (reinforcement)
FFLfinished floor level
FHfire hydrant (survey)
FICEFellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers
FIStructEFellow of the Institution of Structural Engineers
FLfloor level
FoSfactor of safety
FSfull size or fused spur (electrical)
FSCforest stewardship council (timber)
G:
Ggully (survey)
GGBSground granulated blastfurnace slag
GSgeneral structural (timber)
H:
H or HTwindow head height (survey)
HAChigh alumina cement
HDFhigh density fibreboard
HLhigh level
HSFGhigh strength friction grip (steel connection)
HThigh tensile
HWShot water service (services)
I:
ICinspection cover (survey) or inspection chamber
ICEInstitution of Civil Engineers
IDinside diameter
IEngincorporated engineer
ILinvert level
INTERintermediate switch (electrical)
IRFiron railing fence (survey)
IStructEInstitution of Structural Engineers
IVisolating valve (services)
IWFinterwoven fence (survey)
J:
JCBJ C Bamford – manufacturer of wheeled excavators
JCTJoint Contracts Tribunal
K:
kgkilogramme
kNkiloNewton
L:
Llight (survey)
LAlocal authority
LLlive load
LOLERLifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
LPlamp post (survey)
LSLlaminated strand lumber
LSVlockshield valve (services)
M:
mmetre
MCmass concrete or moderately conservative
MCWmains cold water (services)
MDFmedium density fibreboard
MHmanhole
MHSWManagement of health and Safety at Work Regulations
MICEMember of the Institution of Civil Engineers
MIStructEMember of the Institution of Structural Engineers
mmmillimetre
MMMFman made mineral fibres
MSmild steel
N:
NNewton
NASCNational Access and Scaffolding Confederation
NFnear face (reinforcement)
NRVnon return valve (services)
NTSnot to scale
O:
ODoutside diameter or Ordnance datum
OHover head
OPCordinary Portland cement
P:
Ppost
PALFpalisade fence (survey)
PCprecast concrete
PCCPortland cement concrete
PFpicket fence (survey)
PFApulverised fuel ash
PFCparallel flange channel
PKTpocket (RC)
PL or PLTplate (steel connection)
PPEpersonal protective equipment, Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations
PRFpost and rail fence (survey)
PWDPermanent Works Designer
PWFpost and wire fence (survey)
Q:
QSquantity surveyor
R:
Rrender (survey)
RADradiator
RCreinforced concrete
RErodding eye (survey)
RHPCrapid hardening Portland cement
RHSrectangular hollow section
RIBARoyal Institute of British Architects
RICSRoyal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
RMCready-mixed concrete
RSArolled steel angle
RSJrolled steel joist
RWPrain water pipe
S:
SCstop cock
SEstructural engineer
SHSsquare hollow section
SISysteme Internationale
SLsoffite level or sky light or sill level
SOLsetting-out line
SOPsetting-out point
SPsoil pipe (services); arch springer height (survey)
SPDTsingle pole double throw switch (electrical)
SPSstone paving slabs (survey)
SPSTsingle pole single throw switch (electrical)
SRCsulphate resisting cement
SSstainless steel or simply supported or special structural (timber)
SSLstructural slab level
SSSOsingle switched socket outlet (electrical)
STGstaggered (RC)
STRstrainer (services)
SVsafety valve (services)
SVPsoil and vent pipe
SWstone wall (survey)
T:
TAto above (services)
TBMtemporary bench mark
TIStructETechnician of the Institution of Structural Engineers
TMICETechnician Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers
TOBtop of beam
TOCtop of concrete
TOStop of steel
TOWtop of wall
TPtown planning or trial pit
TPOtree preservation order
TPRVtemperature/pressure relief valve (services)
TWCtemporary works coordinator
TWStemporary works supervisor
T&Gtongued and grooved
U:
UBuniversal beam
UCuniversal column
UFurea formaldehyde
UNOunless noted otherwise
U/Sunderside
UTLunable to lift (survey)
V:
Vvent (survey)
VPvent pipe (survey)
W:
Wwindow (survey)
WAHRWork at Height Regulations
WLwater level (survey)
WMFwire mesh fence (survey)
WPFwooden panel fence (survey)
Ødiameter




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hll2118 发表于 2017-12-22 08:57:24 | 显示全部楼层
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zspkd 发表于 2017-12-22 09:02:17 | 显示全部楼层
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wxysaeed 发表于 2017-12-22 21:43:58 | 显示全部楼层
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neu.edu 发表于 2017-12-22 23:10:55 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
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djun 发表于 2017-12-23 12:00:41 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
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xmgao9996 发表于 2017-12-23 15:44:13 | 显示全部楼层
这个必须收藏,谢谢!
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mikelu 发表于 2017-12-26 23:47:09 | 显示全部楼层
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