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如何写英语正式信函 ?How to write a formal letter

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ljmtidilgw 发表于 2012-10-12 19:39:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

How to write a formal letter


How to write a formal letter

Formal letters are also known as ‘business letters’, although this can be a misleading term, because formal letters are not necessarily only used in business. Formal letters are official letters. They are written:

1.      Objectively, i.e. with a particular, well-defined objective or set of objectives (for e.g. enquiring about job openings) in mind and not for the sake of arbitrary correspondence.

2.      Concisely, i.e. to the point and not conversational. One must write clearly and logically, avoiding unnecessary wording.

3.      Between parties that have a limited sphere of interest in one another, i.e. their interest is limited to the objectives of the letter and do not extend to other issues.

4.      According to a set of formatting rules that most clearly differentiate it from informal letters.

When writing formal letters, it is important that this format be followed, because it is accepted professional protocol. The rules are as follows:

1.      Begin with your name and address. Phone number and email address are optional.

2.      Leave a line, and enter the date.

3.      Leave a line, and enter the recipient’s name and address.

4.      Leave a line, and enter the salutation.

5.      Immediately below the salutation, enter your subject (the objective of the letter) in as few words as possible, but not to the extent that it is incomprehensible.

6.      Leave a line, and begin with the content of your letter.

7.      Leave a line, and enter the valediction.

8.      Everything must be left-aligned.

Let us look at the rules in a little more detail, with examples:

1.      Own name and address:


Name

Number and Colony

City-Pin Code

[Phone number]

[Email address]


Ravindra Kumar

E-200, Rajpurohit Colony,

New Delhi-110065


2.      Date:


The month must be written as a word, followed by the date and year.


November 20, 2012


3.      Recipient’s name and address:


Name and/or Designation

Company/Organisation/Institution

Address


The Warden

XYZ College Hostel

XYZ College, Delhi University

New Delhi-110065


4.      Salutation:


Dear [name of recipient] or ‘Sir/Madam’,


Dear Sir or Madam

5.      Subject:


SUB: [subject]


SUB: Details of hostel facilities and fees

6.      Content:


The content, as has already been mentioned, must be clear, concise, logical, and related to your objective. For e.g., since the subject offered above is ‘details of hostel facilities and fees’, you must simply mention that you wish to obtain mentioned information because you are considering taking up residence at the hostel as a student of the college.


7.      Valediction:


Yours faithfully/sincerely/respectfully,

[Full name]


Yours sincerely,

Ravindra Kumar

8.      Left alignment:


The letter will look like this:


Ravindra Kumar

E-200, Rajpurohit Colony,

New Delhi-110065


November 20, 2012


The Warden

XYZ College Hostel

XYZ College, Delhi University

New Delhi-110065


Dear Sir or Madam,

SUB: Details of hostel facilities and fees


I have recently been enrolled as a student of XYZ College. It is my intention to take up residence at the college hostel, and I would be grateful if you could provide me with the necessary details, regarding the different rooms offered, the fee rates for different rooms, and the facilities that are offered.


Yours sincerely,

Ravindra Kumar



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参与人数 1威望 +1 金币 +1 收起 理由
davidlau1976 + 1 + 1 很给力!

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鲜花(52) 鸡蛋(0)
Pgain 发表于 2012-10-13 02:20:53 | 显示全部楼层
鲜花(279) 鸡蛋(4)
 楼主| ljmtidilgw 发表于 2012-10-13 06:50:36 | 显示全部楼层
we can discuss further if you have any questions.

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参与人数 1威望 +1 金币 +1 收起 理由
davidlau1976 + 1 + 1 很给力!

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lsl892008 发表于 2014-1-14 11:50:12 | 显示全部楼层
鼓掌!

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lsl892008 发表于 2014-1-14 11:53:31 | 显示全部楼层
good good study

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abuhan 发表于 2014-1-14 15:02:57 | 显示全部楼层
ooooooooooooooooooK

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davidlau1976 发表于 2014-1-16 13:16:23 | 显示全部楼层
thanks

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lsl892008 发表于 2014-1-19 09:43:47 | 显示全部楼层
再来鼓励一下!

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revista 发表于 2014-1-29 14:49:01 | 显示全部楼层
The formal letter in English is just like the formal letter in Chinese. As long as you can think in the way of Foreign people and use the words that appropriate in business letter. Some of words we used in normal time is not so appropriate in formal case.

点评

Thanks for your kindly reminder!  详情 回复 发表于 2014-8-11 16:06
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xuridongsheng 发表于 2014-8-11 16:06:40 | 显示全部楼层
The formal letter in English is just like the formal letter in Chinese. As long as you can think in  ...[/quote]
Thanks for your kindly reminder!

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cxc1995-1999 发表于 2014-8-13 17:14:10 | 显示全部楼层
thank you

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yiwusuoyoufily 发表于 2014-8-15 17:11:34 | 显示全部楼层

谢谢
鲜花(63) 鸡蛋(0)
leewenbo 发表于 2014-8-19 08:17:00 | 显示全部楼层
it is quite useful
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大樹先生 发表于 2014-9-2 15:43:41 | 显示全部楼层
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flyingegg 发表于 2019-1-7 04:36:39 | 显示全部楼层
#无语  
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zhoukui-sh 发表于 2019-1-7 09:02:55 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢分享!
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zspkd 发表于 2019-1-14 14:28:15 | 显示全部楼层
大多不明之处,解惑了!
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CHJ1997-2008 发表于 7 天前 | 显示全部楼层
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abuhan 发表于 5 天前 | 显示全部楼层
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